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What is Man and Biosphere (MAB)?

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The Man and the Biosphere Program(MAB) was established at the 1970 General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), for the purpose of addressing the economic, educational, scientific, cultural and recreational needs of humankind.

It is an interdisciplinary effort between the social and natural sciences that seek to improve the relationship between people and their environment by supporting the sustainable use and conservation of biological diversity, and promoting the study of the interrelationships of the human and natural systems of the Earth.

As an Intergovernmental program, MAB presents an opportunity for international cooperation and a focus for the coordination of related programs aimed at improving the management of natural resources and the environment.

Today, MAB is a set of related scientific research projects with three focuses:
  • Minimizing the loss of biological diversity
  • Making people aware of how cultural diversity and biological diversity affect each other
  • Promoting environmental sustainability through the World Network of Biosphere Reserve
Biosphere Reserves are areas of terrestrial and coastal ecosystems that promote solutions to reconcile the conservation of biodiversity with its sustainable use. They consist of a core zone(s), buffer zone (s) and transition zone (s).

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Crocker Range Biosphere Reserve Video

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Watch a short video introduction on the Crocker Range Biosphere Reserve.

Crocker Range Biosphere Reserve (CRBR)

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CRBR covers an area of 350, 584 ha of terrestrial ecosystems and natural landscapes, the largest area in the Malaysia. Located at the West Coast of Sabah (North of Borneo), southern part of the Mount Kinabalu (World Heritage Site), and stretches about 120 km north and south 40 km east and west. Encompassing rich biosdiversity and tropical hill-montane landscape from lowland-hill forest (< 300 m asl.) to cloud forest (> 1,500 m asl). The core zone (144,492 ha) of CRBR consist of legally protected Crocker Range Park (CRP: 139,919 ha), and three forest reserves (4,573 ha). The core zone is covered by natural vegetation, which is ecologically connected and surrounded by legally managed buffer (60, 313 ha) and transition (145,779 ha). The area serves as a water catchment for the towns, surrounding communities, agricultural, industrial and domestic consumptions.

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Map of CRBR

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A collection of map for Crocker Range Biosphere Reserve initative.

CRBR Database
Crocker Range Biosphere Reserve (CRBR) Official Database
Access Public DB

Community Use Zone (CUZ)

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What is Community Use Zone (CUZ)?
  • Established within the CRBR, "Community Use Zone (CUZ)" is defined as areas where traditional human activities may be continued under co-management system agreed between the protected area or Park Authority and the local communities.
  • It is an innovative and participative governance concept introduced to co-manage certain part of the core zone(s) and buffer zone(s).
  • The concept recognised the existence of local communities before the protected area such as Park was established.
  • It is an approach to balance between conservation of the protected area such as Park and the livelihoods of the local community who are dependent on land and forest resources for subsistence, and to conserve the associated cultural and traditional knowledge of local communities.
  • Balance between natural biodiversity and ecosystem conservation, settlement, and subsistence activities is highly emphasised.
  • In 2010-2014, two (2) CUZ namely Ulu Senagang Mongool Baru Community Use Zone and Ulu Papar Community Use Zone were established.